Excellent discussion. For your topic, you may want to narrow it down a bit so you can develop a testable hypothesis. I think you are closest with reasons why some parents seek care- if you utilize a psychological construct to test. Since the parents are the ones in charge of getting their child help, I'd explore the mental health help seeking literature- what psychological variables have been linked to help seeking and how might this be connected to race/ethnicity.
Week One Program Discussion
What is the item that stood out to you and why?
Particularly striking to me was the emphasis throughout the program on the role that social context plays in shaping not only what we eat but also how we feel about ourselves. People with eating disorders may find maintaining friendships and social relationships challenging. Isolation and emotional withdrawal are common symptoms of eating disorders. This might amplify whatever negative beliefs or feelings they already have about themselves. People with restrictive eating disorders frequently experience co-morbid psychiatric disorders, which they may attempt to manage through extreme measures, such as increased physical exertion and calorie expenditure. Yoga not only gives people a chance to get their bodies moving in a controlled environment, but it also offers a healthy way to cope with the discomforts of illness. This research aimed to examine the effects of yoga on body image issues, anxiety, and sadness in teenage patients with eating disorders (Ostermann et al., 2019).
What did the authors of the study you selected examine in their research? What did they hypothesize and why (rationale)?
The researchers wanted to find out whether practicing yoga would help teenage patients recover from their eating disorders by alleviating their symptoms of depression and anxiety, boosting their general mood, and encouraging them to embrace themselves more fully. The study's primary aim is to answer the issue of whether these individuals might benefit from including yoga in their treatment programs. The article's working hypothesis is that including yoga in the treatment plans of teenage patients with eating disorders might help them better manage their emotions and become more accepting of themselves (Ostermann et al., 2019).
What methods did they use?
This review's reporting format was informed by the Cochrane Collaboration's Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines and recommendations.
What were the most meaningful findings the authors reported?
The results of this study support the idea that persons with eating disorders may benefit from yoga as a type of physical exercise without running the risk of unintended weight loss or medical implications (Ostermann et al., 2019). There was no adverse effect of the intervention on body mass index or vital signs, indicating that yoga may provide a way to exercise without the risk. The present participant attended a range of sessions in a nonclinical environment, and as a result, their negative feelings decreased significantly, as measured by psychological measures. Many people with eating disorders struggle throughout treatment and recovery because they are unable to give up harmful habits that have become familiar and soothing, such as restricting food intake or engaging in excessive exercise (Ostermann et al., 2019). In return, patients are urged to endure unpleasant tasks, including consuming items known to trigger anxiety, increasing their food intake, and abstaining from purging. Self-acceptance, boundary-setting, resistance-testing, and discomfort-tolerance all played important roles in the transition from recovery to yoga practiced in this research.
Ethical factors such as numerous roles, secrecy, privacy, and damage were also considered to be important while doing research with human subjects. Any member of the outpatient program personnel who participated in the yoga lessons ran the risk of triggering role conflict concerns. This would be a relevant issue to think about since I could find no indication that it is forbidden. Since the participants will be traveling to a different place, privacy and confidentiality are also major factors to consider. They could run into someone they know or find out that someone they know also goes to the same yoga class. Finally, it is crucial to understand the possibility of danger. While yoga has been proven to offer numerous health advantages, it may also be harmful if performed improperly or at too high a speed. It is crucial to keep this in mind since some people may try to run excessively quickly to achieve their goals or in the mistaken belief that they will burn more calories doing so (Ostermann et al., 2019).
What is one limitation of their study?
However, several limitations should be noted. An exceedingly small number of participants were used in this investigation. There was no control group in this research, and participants were not given any other options for stress reduction. Although DSM-5 classifies binge eating as an eating disorder, this condition is not addressed at the facility where participants were enrolled. In addition, only cisgender women were included, even though men and members of other marginalized gender identities are equally at increased risk for developing an eating problem. Future studies should investigate the efficacy of other strategies to improve yoga class attendance, such as more selective recruiting, explicit conversations with participants about expectations, and on-site courses at the medical facility. Participating in this intervention's weekly sessions, for instance, would be an effective way to evaluate its efficacy.
How do the findings from this study help you better understand the content from this week?
As a result of reading this article, I can better appreciate the role that one's immediate social environment plays in shaping the experience of psychological distress. For example, the regular practice of yoga has helped me become more in touch with my physical self. I am interested in helping those who suffer from eating disorders, but I would want to take a more comprehensive approach. Developing your own sense of inner stability is crucial and particularly so when dealing with clients who suffer from eating disorders. The patient is considered during holistic therapy, not only the presenting symptoms. Holistic therapy for eating disorders goes beyond only addressing the underlying medical issues to address the underlying causes of the illness. Instead, it considers the full person (the body, the emotions, the spirit, and the surrounding environment) to bring about the permanent restoration of health.
Ostermann, T., Vogel, H., Boehm, K., & Cramer, H. (2019). Effects of yoga on eating disorders—A systematic review. Complementary Therapies in Medicine, 46, 73-80.
My goal for my dissertation is to learn more about the prevalence and root causes of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) among African American youth. To further understand if and how cultural biases influence ADHD diagnosis and treatment rates among African American adolescents, I will analyze the perspectives of African American parents and caregivers on these topics. While the rates of ADHD among children of all races and ethnicities are on the rise in the United States as a whole, African American children and adolescents are likely to be diagnosed and treated for the disorder than their White counterparts. African American adolescents may be disproportionately impacted by ADHD, but the reasons why some parents seek care for their child's ADHD-related behaviors and others do not remain unclear. Understanding how to identify children in the initial stages of the illness and ensuring that they get appropriate treatment is crucial given the frequency of ADHD and its negative impact on educational attainment and overall life trajectories.
Bailey, R. K., & Ofoemezie, E. K. (2013). The impact of attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder in African Americans; current challenges associated with diagnosis and treatment. Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder in children and adolescents, 193.
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